“The Treasures of Yale” series presents the Newberry Memorial Organ

The latest video of the “Treasures of Yale” series provides an inside look at one of the world’s largest musical instruments, the 12,617-pipe Newberry Memorial Organ in Woolsey Hall.

Most visitors to Woolsey Hall are impressed by the stenciled pipes of the gilded main facade, but those huge golden columns are only the most visible component of the massive organ, which stretches five stories in height from the basement echo organ to the top of the Woolsey Hall proscenium. Behind the main auditorium façade lies a forest of wooden and metal pipes, ordered in rank upon rank of pipe divisions designed to emulate human choir voices, orchestral instruments, as well as a smaller division of echo pipes located under the main floor of the hall that produce ethereal resonances designed to complement the acoustics of the Hall itself.

At the height of America’s Industrial Age, large organs were fashionable as the ultimate expression of complex technology, showy public structure, and hall-filling sound in the days before electronic amplification.

Joseph Dzeda, associate organ curator, says that massive  organs like the Newberry were “the space shots of their time. These are extremely sophisticated electro-pneumatic computers, built at the limits of the available technologies back then.” Dzeda says that some of the sounds “are extremely soft in nature and delicate, and make you think that there are angels floating at the ceiling; other sounds are so powerful that they are overwhelming — cascades of sound that engulf the listeners in the hall.”

In 1901 alumnus Truman Handy Newberry was instrumental in helping University organist Harry B. Jepson secure support for building the organ from Newberry’s mother, who donated funds in memory of her husband industrialist John Stoughton Newberry, for whom the organ is named. The initial phase of construction was completed shortly before Woolsey Hall was dedicated in June 1903. By 1915 Jepson commissioned Boston organ designer George S. Hutchings to rebuild and enlarge the organ. The Newberry was expanded once again in 1928, under the direction of organ builder Ernest M. Skinner, famed for the power, size, and musical breadth of his instruments.

Today the Newberry Organ is one of the few the unmodified instruments from the golden age of American organ building. Aside from some gentle alterations to add digital controls to help automate the complex sets of stops, the Newberry is the world’s best remaining example of Skinner’s organ design.

Today the Newberry Memorial Organ is world-famous, and is intensively used for practice and performance by the Yale’s organ students — often 40 or more hours per week. University organist Thomas Murray and the organ curators must guard time on the organ to limit wear and tear and to perform maintenance on the enormous instrument.

The Newberry Organ is one of Yale’s 16 pipe organs, all under the care of the Yale Institute of Sacred Music. Information about the seven performance organs is at http://www.yale.edu/ism/organ_atyale/organ-atYale.html

Here is a slideshow offering a glimpse at the inner workings of the Newberry Organ.

Photos: Beyond the pipes

The gilded and stenciled main facade of Yale’s Newberry Memorial Organ. Most of the organ’s 12,617 pipes lie behind the main façade.
The dedication plaque on the façade of the Newberry Memorial Organ.
The Newberry Memorial Organ’s console, the last Skinner organ console still functioning on its builder’s original pneumatic mechanism.
Ivory draw-knobs of the console command the 167 stops and the many thousands of pipes of the organ.
Ranks of wood and metal pipes in the basement echo organ of the Newberry Memorial Organ.
The Newberry Organ’s central nervous system is a complex network fashioned from double cotton-covered wires, carrying 10-volt impulses to remote corners of Woolsey Hall.
The wiring unions in the Newberry Organ’s Relay Room were skillfully soldered more than 80 years ago, by hands long since at rest.
Machinery in the organ’s upper Relay Room. The Newberry’s original 1920s organ technology is among the last examples to remain functioning anywhere in the world.
For more than 100 years, Yale organ curators have walked through this door into the Organ Shop in the basement of Woolsey Hall.
The photographs, strange tools, and odd parts found in the basement Organ Shop reflect the various personalities of those who have held the title "Curator of Organs" over the years.
Jars of organ hardware in the Curator of Organ’s shop—some dating to the original building of the Newberry Memorial Organ in 1903.
An assortment of odd parts, gathered over many decades, found in an old drawer in the Newberry Curator of Organs shop.
A collection of well-worn screwdrivers of in the organ shop.
Gold-leafed façade pipes made in 1902 sport “French mouths” and stenciling added in the 1930 redecoration of Woolsey Hall.
Woolsey Hall’s Beaux-Arts interior remains one of the least-altered spaces on campus since its dedication in 1903. Architects Carrère and Hastings planned for a hall that would include a magnificent organ worthy of the scale of the room.
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About the “Treasures of Yale” series

The “Treasures of Yale” is a series of short online videos that highlight unusually interesting objects from Yale’s vast collections of art, manuscripts, musical instruments, architecture, and other artifacts. In each “Treasures” video a Yale expert describes the subject, and provides background information that places the artifact in a broad historical and cultural narrative.

The “Treasures” videos are jointly produced by the Yale Office of Public Affairs and Communications and the Yale Broadcast Center. The videos are produced by Patrick Leone of the Broadcast Center, and the series was conceived and is curated by Robin Hogen of the Office of Public Affairs and Communications. This Newberry Memorial Organ video was directed and edited by the Broadcast Center’s Thom Stylinski.